ARGOSTOLI (anc. Cephallenia), the capital of Cephalonia (one of the Ionian islands), and the seat of a bishop of the Greek church.
See Sir C. Fellows's Journal of an Excursion in Asia Minor in 1838, and Wiebel's Die Insel Kephalonia and die Meermiihlen von Argostoli (Hamburg, 1873).
Des Iles ioniennes (Zante, 1815-1864); Mardo, Saggio di una descrizione geografico-storica delle Isole (Corfu, 1865) (mainly geographical); De Bosset, Description des monnaies d'Ithaque et de Cephalonie (London, 1815); Postolakas, KaTaXoyos aoxaLWv vo i uo - p.iLrow vT] K pkvpas, A8364;vKQSOS, &c. (Athens, 1868); Wiebel, Die Inset Kephalonia and die Meerm g ihlen von Argostoli (Hamburg, 1873); Tsitselis, FAWVQapiov KE4aXAnvias, (Athens, 1876); 'Ovo,ccara B VEWv Ev KE4aXA7v1a in the "Parnassus" i.
In the western part of the island a gulf runs up from the south, a distance of about 7 m.; on its east side stands the chief town Argostoli, with about Io,000 inhabitants, and on its west side the rival city of Lixouri, with 6000.
From Argostoli is the castle of St George, a building of Venetian origin, and the strongest fortification in the island.
On an eminence east-south-east of Argostoli are the ruins of the ancient Cranii, and Lixouri is close to or upon those of Pale; while on the other side of the island are the remains of Samos on the bay of the same name, of Proni or Pronni, farther south above the vale of Rakli and its blossoming oleanders, and of an unknown city near the village of Scala.