They occupied Ilauran, and about 85 B.C. their king Aretas (Ilaritha) became lord of Damascus and Coele-Syria.
The Roman arms were not very successful, and King Aretas retained his whole possessions, including Damascus, as a Roman ' See Edom, and (for the view that Mal.
This agreement is represented on coins of Scaurus - Aretas kneeling by the side of a camel, and holding out an olive branch in an attitude of supplication.
Offering an ineffectual resistance to the passage of the Syrian troops, Alexander was driven back by Aretas, king of Arabia, against whom they had marched.
Aristobulus could not withstand the army of Aretas: he was driven back upon Jerusalem and there besieged.
Aretas retired from Judaea; and Aristobulus pursued the retreating army.
When Aretas intervened in the interest of Hyrcanus and defeated Aristobulus, the usurper of his brother's inheritance, the people accepted the verdict of battle, sided with the victor's client, and joined in the siege of Jerusalem.
His marriage with the daughter of the Arabian king Aretas (which was at any rate in accordance with the general policy of Augustus) seems to have preserved his territory from the incursions of her people, so long as he remained faithful to her.
But he repudiated the daughter of Aretas in order to marry Herodias and so set the Arabians against him.
When he marched against Aretas, his army with their standards did not enter Judaea at all; but he himself went up to Jerusalem for the feast and, on receipt of the news that Tiberius was dead, administered to the Jews the oath of allegiance to Caligula.
He was married first of all to a daughter of Aretas, the Arabian king; but, making the acquaintance of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip (not the tetrarch), during a visit to Rome, he was fascinated by her and arranged to marry her.
Most divergent opinions have been held as to the time in which Arethas lived; the reasons for the dates given above will be found succinctly stated in the article "Aretas," by A.
Aretas, the Arabian king, pressed him hard on the south and the east, but he was able to make some conquests still on the east of the Jordan.
Towards the close of the 2nd century B.C., when the Ptolemaic and Seleucid kingdoms were equally depressed, the Nabataean kingdom came to the front; under Aretas III.
In the long and prosperous reign of Aretas IV.
349, 16th year of "Aretas III., i.e.
350 and 354, the latter dated the 29th year of Aretas IV., i.e.
Herod Antipas had married a daughter of Aretas, but afterwards discarded her in favour of Herodias.
This led to a war with Aretas in which Antipas was defeated.
An Aretas is mentioned in 1 Macc. xv.