The Boule, or Council, of the Areopagus (r) Ev 'Ap€icp Il6.
27) says that Pericles took " some " prerogatives from the Areopagus; this looks like a conjecture based on Arist.
In 324 the Areopagus, after inquiry, reported that nine men had taken bribes from Harpalus, the fugitive treasurer of Alexander.
Its political importance really was that it transferred the protection of the constitution from the Areopagus to the Ecclesia.
In view of the ancient law which forbade burial within the city, the tombs within the circuit of the city walls must either be earlier than the time of Themistocles or several centuries later; in the similar rocktombs on the neighbouring slopes of the Acropolis and Areopagus both Mycenaean and Dipylon pottery have been found.
The Areopagus is now a bare rock possessing few architectural traces.
In the time of the Peisistratids the Agora was enlarged so as to extend over the Inner Ceramicus on the north-west, apparently reaching the northern declivities of the Areopagus and the Acropolis on the south.
What are perhaps the remains of the UTOa (3avtXuc17, in which the Archon Basileus held his court and the Areopagus Council sat in later times, were brought to light in the winter of 1897-1898, when excavations were carried out on the eastern slope of the " Theseum " hill.
The north slope of the Areopagus, where a number of early tombs were found, was also explored, and the limits of the Agora on the south and north-west were approximately ascertained.
It is now generally agreed that the Agora of classical times covered the low ground between the hill of the " Theseum," the Areopagus and the Pnyx; and Pausanias, in the course of his description, appears to have reached its southern end.
The pathway between the citadel and the Areopagus was found to be so narrow that it is certain the Panathenaic procession cannot have taken this route to the Acropolis.
The aristocratic council of the Areopagus constituted the chief criminal court, and nominated the magistrates, among whom the chief archon passed judgment in family suits, controlled admission to the genos or clan, and consequently the acquisition of the franchise.
By cancelling the political power of the Areopagus and multiplying the functions of the popular law-courts, Ephialtes abolished the last checks upon the sovereignty of the commons.
AREOPAGUS ("Apecos IIa'yos), a bare, rocky hill, 370 ft.
125) included the Areopagus among the localities in which sat the Ephetae.
Conformably with the view here presented we may suppose that the name " Boule of the Areopagus " developed from the simple term " Boule " in order to distinguish it from the new Boule, or Council of Four Hundred.
The popular reforms of Solon (594 B.C.), so far as they were carried into effect, tended practically tolimit the Council of the Areopagus, though constitutionally it retained all its earlier powers and functions, augmented by the right to try persons accused of conspiracy against the state (Arist.
22, 75), the council of the Areopagus succeeded in manning the fleet by providing pay for the seamen, thereby regaining the confidence and respect of the people.
The relation of the Ephetae to the court of the Areopagus is obscure; cf.
Caillemer, " Areopagus," in Daremberg et Saglio, Diet.
In this body Theramenes at first assumed the chief part, and the new measures rescinding the laws against the Areopagus and suppressing sycophancy were well received.
At Athens, he had a temple at the foot of the Areopagus, with a statue by Alcamenes.
Demosthenes proposed that the Areopagus should inquire what had become of the other 350.
Six months, spent in party intrigues, passed before the Areopagus gave in their report (a 641aacs).
It is probable that the ephebia was in existence in the 5th century B.C., and controlled by the Areopagus and strategus as its moral and military supervisors.
I shall stand on that Areopagus where St.
At Athens, however, where they had a sanctuary at the foot of the Areopagus hill and a sacred grove at Colonus, their regular name was Semnae (venerable).
The only control came from the Areopagus which elected them and would generally be favourably disposed, and from the fact that the military and civil powers were not vested in the same hands.
The archons at the end of their year of office (some say on entering upon office) became members of the Areopagus, which was, therefore, a body composed of ex-archons of tried probity and wisdom.