Wide between Capes Hicacos in Cuba and Arenas in Florida (Key West being a little over i oo m.
Once more Wellington turned his right, by a sweeping movement through Rocamunde and Puente Arenas near the source of the Ebro, when he retreated behind the Zadorra near the town of Vitoria.
Party first in a small steamer from South Georgia, then in a trawler from Montevideo, then in a little motor schooner from Punta Arenas, all of which were driven back by the ice floes near the South Shetlands, and finally in the " Yelcho," a tug from Punta Arenas, in which he reached the island on Aug.
The soil is of very varying nature, and consists in some districts of the so-called albariza (mainly chalk with some sand and clay), in others of barros, which is mainly sand cemented together with chalk and clay, and of arenas, which consists of nearly pure sand.
Midway of them is situated Punta Arenas, the most southern town and port of the republic.
This accounts for the surprising meteorological data obtained from Punta Arenas, in 53° 10' S., where the mean annual temperature is 43-2° and the annual rainfall only 22.5 in.
Since the census of 1895 the population of Punta Arenas has been largely increased by the discovery of gold in the vicinity.
Coal is found also in Valdivia, on the island of Chiloe, and in the vicinity of Punta Arenas on the Straits of Magellan.
It occupies a small but fertile and beautiful valley, shut in by mountains on every side except towards the sea, and containing the fortified haven of Portugalete, the industrial town of Baracaldo, and the villages of Santurce and Las Arenas, where the Nervion broadens to form the Bay of Bilbao at its mouth.