OberÃ¶sterreich or Ã–sterreich ob der Enns, " Austria above the river Enns"), an archduchy and crown-land of Austria, bounded N.
Niederosterreich or Osterreich unter der Enns, " Austria below the river Enns"), an archduchy and crownland of Austria, bounded E.
The original archduchy, which included Upper Austria, is the nucleus of the Austrian empire, and the oldest possession of the house of Habsburg in its present dominions.
The diocese was a large one, including until 1468 not only much of Bavaria, but practically the whole of the archduchy of Austria.
An uneventful period followed under the rule of the house of Habsburg, which united the kingship of Bohemia with the archduchy of Austria and the imperial crown.
Austria, which had been solemnly created an A ustria archduchy by the emperor Frederick in 1453, was created claimed by the three remaining Habsburg princes, and an arch- lower Austria was secured by Frederick, while Albert duchy.
The Lombards were at that time dwelling in Noricum and Pannonia (archduchy of Austria, Styria and Hungary, west of the Danube).
In October, 1805, a Russian army was occupying the villages and towns of the Archduchy of Austria, and yet other regiments freshly arriving from Russia were settling near the fortress of Braunau and burdening the inhabitants on whom they were quartered.