There is more than one meaning of Arcadius discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia.
His address to Arcadius (De regno) is full of advice as to the studies of a wise ruler in such perilous times.
The Aegyptus sive de providentia is an allegory in which the good Osiris and the evil Typhon, who represent Aurelian and the Goth Gainas (ministers under Arcadius), strive for mastery; and the question of the divine permission of evil is handled.
His extant works are - (i) a speech before Arcadius, De regno; (2) Dio, sive de suo ipsius instituto, in which he signifies his purpose to devote himself to true philosophy; (3) Encomium calvitii (he was himself bald), a literary jeu d'esprit, suggested by Dio Chrysostom's Praise of Hair; (4) De providentia, in two books; (5) De insomniis; (6) 157 Epistolae; (7) 12 Hymni, of a contemplative, Neoplatonic character; and several homilies and occasional speeches.
(401-450) succeeded his father Arcadius as emperor of the East in 408.
ARCADIUS (378-408), Roman emperor, the elder son of Theodosius the Great, was created Augustus in 383, and succeeded his father in 395 along with his brother Honorius.
The empire was divided between them, Honorius governing the two western prefectures (Gaul and Italy), Arcadius the two eastern (the Orient and Illyricum).
Arcadius submitted at first to the guidance of the praetorian prefect Rufinus, and, after his murder (end of 395) by the troops, to the counsels of the eunuch Eutropius (executed end of 399).
Throughout the reign of Arcadius there was estrangement and jealousy between the two brothers or their governments.
The ministers of Arcadius desired to annex Dalmatia to his portion, while the general Stilicho, who was supreme in the west, wished to wrest from the eastern realm the prefecture of Illyricum or a considerable part of it.
His designs were unsuccessful, and during the reign of Theodosius II., son of Arcadius (who died in 408), Dalmatia was transferred to the dominion of the eastern ruler.
2, 1892); Guldenpenning, Geschichte des ostromischen Reiches unter den Kaisern Arcadius and Theodosius II.
Arcadius (Grammarian) >>
This danger became a reality when in the year 395 the able and valiant Theodosius died, leaving the empire to be divided between his imbecile sons Arcadius and Honorius, the former taking the eastern and the latter the western portion, and each under the control of a minister who bitterly hated the minister of the other.
A second time to the assistance of Arcadius and who was undoubtedly a skilful general, succeeded in shutting up the Goths.
For some mysterious reason, probably connected with the increasing estrangement between the two sections of the empire, the ministers of Arcadius conferred upon Alaric the government of some part - it can hardly have been the whole - of the important prefecture of Illyricum.
The death of Arcadius in May 408 caused milder counsels to prevail in the western cabinet, but Alaric, who had actually entered Epirus, demanded in a somewhat threatening manner that if he were thus suddenly bidden to desist from war, he should be paid handsomely for what in modern language would be called the expenses of mobilization.
Giildenpenning, Geschichte des ostrOmischen Reiches unter Arcadius and Theodosius II.
He was appointed by Theodosius the Great, tutor of the young princes Arcadius and Honorius, but at the age of forty he retired to Egypt, where for forty years he lived in monastic seclusion at Scetis in the Thebais, under the spiritual guidance of St John the Dwarf.
It was known as the Arcadiane after having been restored at a higher level than formerly by the emperor Arcadius (A.D.
Political insight is wholly wanting to Socrates; all the orthodox emperors blaze forth in a uniform light of dazzling splendour; even the miserable Arcadius is praised, and Theodosius II.
Ostromischen Reiches unter den Kaisern Arcadius u.
Dissensions arose between them and the ministers of Arcadius; the Goths threw off their allegiance, and chose Alaric as their king.
In 383 Theodosius created his eldest son Arcadius Augustus.
Theodosius was twice married - (1) to Aelia Flacilla, the mother of Arcadius (377-408) and Honorius (384-423); (2) to Galla (d.
But from the time of Arcadius and Honorius (A.D.
AMBROSIUS THEODOSIUS MACROBIUS, Roman grammarian and philosopher, flourished during the reigns of Honorius and Arcadius (395-423).
Arcadius of Rome >>