The name of the genus is derived from Arauco, the name of the district in southern Chile where the trees were first discovered.
The loss of their political independence has been followed by that of the greater part of their territory, which has been divided up into the Chilean provinces of Arauco, Bio-bio, Malleco and Cautin, and the Indians, much reduced in number, now live in the wooded recesses of the three provinces last named.
By Arauco, Malleco and Bio-Bio, E.
Of Arauco Bay when the " Glasgow " was sighted to the W., and he turned and followed, working up to full speed.
Respectively by the provinces of Concepcion, Arauco and Malleco, and E.
ARAUCO, a coast province of southern Chile, bounded N., E.
It is an alluvial plain for the greater part, but contains some sandy tracts, as in Ruble and Arauco; in the north very little natural forest is found except in the valleys and on the slopes of the enclosing mountain ranges, but in the south, where the rainfall is heavier, the plain is well covered with forest.
The more important of these are La Mocha, off the southern coast of Arauco, in lat.
South-west of Concepcion, which partially encloses the Bay of Arauco and is well cultivated; and Quiriquina, lying off the port of Talcahuano in the entrance to Concepcion bay.
Immediately south of this bay is the large Bay of Arauco, into which the Bio-Bio river discharges, and on which, sheltered by the island of Santa Maria, are the ports of Coronel and Lota.
The development of the coal deposits in the provinces of Concepcion and Arauco has made possible other industries besides those of smelting mineral ores, and numerous small manufacturing establishments have resulted, especially in Santiago, Valparaiso, Copiapo and other places where no permanent water power exists.
The coal deposits of Chile are found chiefly in the provinces of Concepcion and Arauco, the principal mines being on the coast of the Bay of Arauco at Coronel and Lota.