The grammar of the Stoics, gradually elaborated by Zeno, Cleanthes and Chrysippus, supplied a terminology which, in words such as " genitive," " accusative " and " aorist," has become a permanent part of the grammarian's vocabulary; and the study of this grammar found its earliest home in Pergamum.
Among the peculiar grammatical features of Berber may be mentioned two numbers (no dual), two genders and six cases, and verbs with one, two, three and four radicals, and imperative and aorist tense only.
Aorist indic.) "placed" or "offered"; and forms corresponding to the article (ta- = Greek rò) seem also reasonably probable.
The first aorist in Greek being a " weak " tense, i.e.
Formed by a suffix (-aa), whereas the second aorist is a " strong " tense, distinguished by the form of the root-syllable, we expect to find a constant tendency to diminish the number of second aorists in use.
Thus we find in Homer, but not in the later language (a) The second aorist middle without the " thematic " E or as g - was struck; Ec/Oc-ro, perished; aA-To, leaped.
(b) The aorist formed by reduplication: as &Sae, taught; AEAas oOac, to seize.
It will be evident that under this rule the perfect and first aorist subjunctive should always take a short vowel; and this accordingly is the case, with very few exceptions.
If the verb is aorist the answer is do for all verbs.
To For g ypaa, the epistolary aorist, at the close of a letter, cf.