Here it will suffice to say that he followed the Pachomian rather than the Antonian model, setting himself definitely against the practice of the eremitical life and of excessive asceticism, and inculcating the necessity and superiority of labour.
The monastic ideals prevalent were those of the Antonian monachism, with its hankering after the eremitical life and the practice of extreme bodily austerities.
Antonian monachism grew out of the purely eremitical life, and it retained many of the characteristic features inherited from its origin.
As contrasted with the Antonian ideal, the special feature was the highly organized system of work, whereby the monastery was a sort of agricultural and industrial colony.
The work was an integral part of the life, and was undertaken for its own sake and not merely for an occupation, as among the Antonian monks.