ANTHESTERIA, one of the four Athenian festivals in honour of Dionysus, held annually for three days (II th - r3th) in the month of Anthesterion (February - March).
The name Anthesteria, according to the account of it given above, is usually connected with avOos ("flower," or the "bloom" of the grape), but A.
100,109, and Prolegomena), regarding the Anthesteria as primarily a festival of all souls, the object of which was the expulsion of ancestral ghosts by means of placation, explains lrLOoe'yca as the feast of the opening of the graves (irieos meaning a large urn used for burial purposes), x68364;s as the day of libations, and XuTpoc as the day of the grave-holes (not "pots," which is xbTpat), in point of time really anterior to the ir.Oociyia.
(1900), in which the opening of the jar is explained as an aetiological myth based on the Athenian festival of the Pithoigia (part of the Anthesteria, q.v.), and P. Gardner, "A new Pandora vase" (xxi., ibid., 1901).
In the old Athenian Anthesteria the blood of victims was poured over the unclean.