The form Persepolis (with a play on 71-ports, destruction) appears first in Cleitarchus, one of the earliest, but unfortunately one of the most imaginative annalists of the exploits of Alexander.
Muratoris great collection, the Rerum Italicarum 5cr iptores in combination with his Dissertationes, the chronicles and other historical material published by the Archjvjo Storjco Italiano, and the woiks of detached annalists of whom the \Tjllanj are the most notable, take first rank.
ANNALISTS (from Lat.
Two generations of these annalists have been distinguished - an older and a younger.
As a general rule the annalists wrote in a spirit of uncritical patriotism, which led them to minimize or gloss over such disasters as the conquest of Rome by Porsena and the compulsory payment of ransom to the Gauls, and to flatter the people by exaggerated accounts of Roman prowess, dressed up in fanciful language.
The first of the annalists, the father of Roman history, as he has been called, was Q.
C. Licinius Macer (died 66), who has been called the last of the annalists, wrote a voluminous work, which, although he paid great attention to the study of his authorities, was too rhetorical, and exaggerated the achievements of his own family.
The writers mentioned dealt with Roman history as a whole; some of the annalists, however, confined themselves to shorter periods.
Peter, Historicorum Romanorum Reliquiae (1870, 1906), and Historicorum Romanorum Fragmenta (1883); also articles ROME, History (ancient) ad fin., section "Authorities," and Liv y, where the use made of the annalists by the historian is discussed; Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopddie, art.
According to the Novgorodian annalists as many as 1500 persons were sometimes put to death in a single day.
Among good local annalists may be mentioned Juan Gilberto Valdivia, who has written a history of Arequipa, and Pio Benigno Mesa, the author of the Annals of Cuzco.
He was the first of the purely artistic historians, as distinct from the annalists and the writers of personal memoirs.
Of the other historians, or rather annalists, who belong to this period, such as Q.
The only other surviving document of the 12th century bearing on this subject is a letter of which MS. copies are preserved in the Cambridge and Paris libraries, and which is also embedded in the chronicles of several English annalists, including Benedict of Peterborough, Roger Hovedon and Matthew Paris.
The emperor's authority was now generally recognized, and the annalists speak highly of the peace and order of his later years.
The Chinese annalists state that they were a pastoral people who lived in the neighbourhood of the modern Kashgar.
His work, which places him among the first and best of German annalists, consists of four books or parts, and is compiled partly from written records and partly from oral information, the latter mainly gathered from experience or at the courts of Adalbert and Sweyn Estrithson.
The tale was probably invented by the annalists to excuse the cruel treatment of the Carthaginian prisoners by the Romans.
The Saxon and the Franconian annalists know nothing of the -listant Bavarians; there is even a gulf between the Bavarian and the Swabian.
The main work continued to be done in Latin, and to better purpose by Hector Boece (q.v.), John Major and George Buchanan (q.v.) than by the earlier annalists Fordun (q.v.) and Bower (q.v.).
They were in fact chroniclers or annalists - not historians.
After constant warfare, the last war (the fourteenth, according to the annalists) broke out in 406 B.C. The Romans laid siege to the city, and, after a ten years' siege, M.
Fabius Maximus Servilianus (consul 142); or there may have been two annalists of the name of Fabius Pictor.
Peter, Historicorum Romanorum Fragmenta (1883); see also Annalists and L1vY, and Teuffel-Schwabe, History of Roman Literature, § 116.
And this is naturally true in an especial sense of the Roman historians; the long list of annalists begins at the moment when the great struggle with Carthage had for the first time brought Rome into direct connexion with the historic peoples of the ancient world, and when Romans themselves awoke to the importance of the part reserved for Rome to play in universal history.
The majority of the Roman annalists were men of high birth and education, with a long experience of affairs, and their defects did not arise from seclusion of life or ignorance of letters.
No doubt, too, the later annalists, at any rate from Caelius Antipater onwards, improved upon Fabius in treatment and style.
But, had the later annalists contented themselves with simply reproducing the earlier ones, we should at least have had the old tradition before us in a simple and tolerably genuine form.
Annalists of the Gracchan age imported into the early struggles of patricians and plebeians the economic controversies of their own day, and painted the first tribunes in the colours of the two Gracchi or of Saturninus.
Things were not much better even where the annalists were dealing with recent or contemporary events.
Polybius, for instance, gives the number of the slain at Cynoscephalae as 8000; the annalists raise it as high as 40,000 (Livy xxxiii.
Such a man did not arise; those who afterwards claimed to be ardri lacked the qualities of founders of strong dynasties, and are termed by the annalists " kings with opposition."
The synod is not mentioned by the Irish annalists, nor by Regan, but it is by Hoveden and Ralph de Diceto.
The family quarrels of the O'Connors at this time, and their alliances with the Burkes, or De Burghs, and the Berminghams, may be traced in great detail in the annalists - the general result being fatal to the royal tribe of Connaught, which is said to have lost ro,000 warriors in the battle of Templetogher.
The Ulster annalists give a very different estimate of the great Talbot from that of Shakespeare: "A son of curses for his venom and a devil for his evils; and the learned say of him that there came not from the time of Herod, by whom Christ was crucified, any one so wicked in evil deeds " (O'Donovan's Four Masters).
Among the numerous mythical kings placed by the annalists between Eremon and the Christian era we may mention Tigernmas (A.M.
Small wonder, then, if Adam of Bremen, and the monkish annalists who follow him, describe Sweyn as a grim and bloody semi-pagan, perpetually warring against Christian states.
They are not mere annalists; they practise an art and cultivate a style; history has become to them a form of literature.
From the days of Honorius to those of Gregory the Great the line of vision of the annalists of the continent was bounded by the Channel.
Nissen, Untersuchungen, Berlin, 1863), and elsewhere by comparing his version with the known fragments of the various annalists, and with what we are told of their style and method of treatment, we are able to form a general idea of his plan of procedure.
On the other hand, for the history of Italy and western Europe he falls back on Roman annalists, especially, it seems, on Claudius Quadrigarius and Valerius Antias - a most unfortunate choice - and from them too he takes the annalistic mould into which his matter is cast.
In other cases where the same event has been placed by different annalists in different years, or where their versions of it varied, it reappears in Livy as two events.