Conrad, Ann., 1877, 188, p. 222).
Ann., 1857, 101, p. 387; C. Marignac, Arch.
Ann and Jane Taylor >>
Faraday, Ann., 18 45, 56, p. 158).
Ann., 18 35, 36, p. I).
Hinsberg, Ann., 1887, 2 37, p. 340); by the oxidation of an ortho-diamine in the presence of a-naphthol (0.
Jowitschitsch (Ann., 1906, 347, p. 2 33) inclines to Scholl's formula; he found that the synthetic silver salt of glyoxime peroxide resembled silver fulminate in yielding hydroxylamine with hydrochloric acid, but differed in being less explosive, and in being soluble in nitric acid.
Zander, Ann., 1882, 214, p. 178).
Ann., 18 99, 60, P. 594.
Ann., 1890, 40, p. 56) employed an arrangement as follows: Four fine platinum or iron wires were joined in lozenge shape, and two sets of these R and S were connected up with two resistances P and Q to form a bridge with a galvanometer G and battery B.
Ann., 1892, 45, p. 78).
By Nathan, Vent ann-i di vita -italiana, p. 241) thatthe efforts of the juge dinstruction are, as a rule, in fact, though not in law, largely directed to prove that the accused is guilty.
Muthmann, Ann., 1887, 238, p. 114).
Kempe, Ann., 1873, 16 9, p. 345).
Ann., 1826, 8, p. 23), by converting lead molybdate into lead nitrate, obtained the value 95.
Dumas (Ann., 1860, 113, p. 32), by converting the trioxide into the metal, obtained the value 95.65.
Wdhler, Ann., 1848, 67, p. 360).
Kramers, Ann., 1877, 189, p. 129).
Erdmann (Ann., 1908, 362, p. 133), but.
The tetrachloride, SC14, is formed by saturating S 2 C1 2 with chlorine at - 22° C. (Michaelis, Ann., 1873, 170, p. 1).
Considerable controversy arose as to the constitution of the salts of this acid, the formula of sodium salt, for example, being written as NaHSO 2 and Na 2 S 2 O 4; but the investigations of C. Bernthsen (Ann., 1881, 208, p. 142; 1882, 211, p. 285; Ber., 1900, 33, p. 126) seem to decide definitely in favour of the latter (see also T.
Philip, Ann., 1887, 240, p. 161.
The second decision grew out of the attempt of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers to prevent other roads from accepting freight from the Toledo, Ann Arbor & North Michigan railroad, against which a "legal" strike had been declared.
It is served by the Chicago & North-Western, and the Wisconsin Central railways; by ferry across the lake to Frankfort, Mich., and Ludington, Mich.; by the Ann Arbor and the Pere Marquette railways; and by the Goodrich line of lake steamers.
Dessaignes, who obtained it by oxidizing malic acid (Ann., 1858, 107, p. 251).
Baeyer, Ann., 1864, 130, p. 143); by the hydrolysis of cyanacetic acid (H.
Kolbe, Ann., 1864, 131, p. 349; H.
Muller, Ann., 1864, 131, p. 35 2), and by the action of silver oxide on s-di-chloracrylic ester .at 125° C. (0.
Wallach, Ann., 1878, 193, p. 25) It crystallizes in monoclinic tables, and is readily soluble in water, alcohol and ether.
Claisen, Ann., 1883, 218, p. 131).
Meves, Ann., 1867, 143, p. 201).
Ann., 1825, 6, p. 444), 6KHO-1-3CS 2 = K2C03+2K2CS3+3H20; on the other hand, an alcoholic solution of a caustic alkali converts it into a.
Ann., 1845, 65, p. 200; E.
Claus, Ann., 1856, 98, p. 317; A.
Among the most notable was the loss in 1842 of the British brig " Ann," with fifty-seven persons on board, of whom forty-three were executed at Taichu.
Meyer, Ber., 1893, 26, p. 1277); by boiling diazotized 2.2'-diaminobenzophenone with water (Heyl., Ber., 1898, 31, p. 3 0 34); by heating salol with concentrated sulphuric acid (C. Graebe, Ann., 1889, 254, p. 280), and by heating potassium-ortho-chlorobenzoate with sodium phenolate and a small quantity of copper powder to 180-190° C. (F.
Kostanecki, Ber., 1891, 24, p. 39 8 3; C. Graebe, Ann., 1889, 2 54, p. 298).
Markownikov, Ann., 1898, 302, p. I); and many other cases of the conversion of six-carbon rings into fivecarbon rings have been recorded (see below, Decompositions of the Benzene Ring) .
Petermann (Ann., 1869, 149, p. 129) provided the proof of the equivalence of the atoms 2 and 6 with respect to 1.
Hence the positions occupied by the nitro groups in the two different nitrobrombenzoic acids must be symmetrical with respect to the carboxyl group. In 1879, Hubner (Ann., 1 95, p. 4) proved the equivalence of the second pair, viz.
Wroblewsky (Ann., 192, p. 196).
C. Graebe (Ann., 1869, 149, p. 22) orientated the ortho-compound or phthalic acid from its formation from naphthalene on oxidation; the meta-compound or isophthalic acid is orientated by its production from mesitylene, shown by A.
Ladenburg (Ann., 1875, 179, p. 163) to be symmetrical trimethyl benzene; terephthalic acid, the remaining isomer, must therefore be the para-compound.
By further substitution of orthoand para-diderivatives, in general the same tri-derivative [1.2.4] is formed (Ann., 1878, 192, p. 219); meta - compounds yield [1.3.41 and [1.2.
We may here mention the synthesis of oxyuvitic ester (5-methyl-4-oxy-I-3-benzene dicarboxylic ester) by the condensation of two molecules of sodium acetoacetic ester with one of chloroform (Ann., 1883, 222, p. 249).
Herrmann, Ann., 1882, 211, p. 306; also see below, Configuration of the Benzene Complex); the condensation of acetone dicarboxylic ester with malonic ester to form triketohexamethylene dicarboxylic ester (E.
More important are Kekule's observations that nitrous acid oxidizes pyrocatechol or [I.2]-dioxybenzene, and protocatechuic acid or [3.4]- dioxybenzoic acid to dioxytartaric acid, (C(OH) 2 COOH) 2 (Ann., 1883, 221, p. 230); and 0.
Strecker (Ann., 1884, 223, p. 170), and shown to be /3-trichloracetoacrylic acid, CC1 3 CO CH :CH COOH.