(I) A city of Turkey (anc. Ancyra) in Asia, capital of the vilayet of the same name, situated upon a steep, rocky hill, which rises 500 ft.
BARTAN, more correctly Bartin, a town in the vilayet of Kastamuni, Asiatic Turkey, retaining the name of the ancient village Parthenia and situated near the mouth of the Bartan-su (anc. Parthenius), which formed part of the boundary between Bithynia and Paphlagonia.
LARNACA, LARNICA or Larneca (anc. Citium, Turk.
VOLTURNO (anc. Volturnus, from volvere, to roll), a river of central Italy, which rises in the neighbourhood of Alfedena in the central Apennines of Samnium, runs S.
Past Capua (anc. Casilinum), where the Via Appia and Latina joined just to the N.
The Tigris begins to rise about the middle of November and is highest in May and June, and lowest in September and October, The principal towns on its banks are Diarbekr (anc. Amida), on the western branch; Bitlis, on the eastern branch; Mosul; Tekrit, a town dating from Persian days, said to have been founded by Shapur I.
Anc. du Gandhara, 1902).
At Khimara (anc. Chimaera) the remains of an old Greek city may still be seen; at Santi Quaranta (anc. Onchesmos) the walls and towers of a later town are in good preservation.
Etsch, anc. Athesis), a considerable river in North Italy.
ARABIAN SEA (anc. Mare Erythraeum), the name applied to the portion of the Indian Ocean bounded E.
AK' '-SHEHR (anc. Philomelion), a town in Asia Minor, in the Konia vilayet, situated at the edge of a fertile plain, on the north side of the Sultan Dagh.
ARAS, the anc. Araxes, and the Phasis of Xenophon (Turk.
At al-`01ä, south-east of Elath) to the priests and priestesses of the Arabian god Vadd (so especially Hommel, Anc. Heb.
The island is diversified in its surface, and is traversed from north to south by an elevated mountain range, the highest point of which is called Atairo (anc. Atabyris or Atabyrium) (4560 ft.).
It belongs to the same volcanic system as the mainland near it, and the Monte Epomeo (anc. 'Eirwircbs, viewpoint), the highest point of the island (2588 ft.), lies on the N.
BOLSENA (anc. Volsinii),' a town of the province of Rome, Italy, 12 m.
The Lake of Bolsena (anc. Lacus Volsiniensis), 'coo ft.
SEGURA (anc. Tader), a river of south-eastern Spain about 150 m.
ARNO (anc. Arnus), a river of Italy which rises from the Monte Falterona, about 25 m.
The Serchio (anc. Auser), which joined the Arno at Pisa in ancient times, now flows into the sea independently.
PERUGIA (anc. Perusia), a city and archiepiscopal see of Italy, the capital of the province of Perugia (which forms the entire compartimento of Umbria) situated 1444 ft.
The male births have since 1871 been about 3% (3.1410 1872-1875 and 2.72 in 1896-1900) 10 excen of the female births, which is rather more than compensated for b) the greater male mortality, the excess being 264 in 1872-1875 anc having increased to 4.08 in I 896-1900.
The deputies having been dazzled by I tes anc reviews, Talleyrand and Marescalchi, ministers of foreign affain at Paris and Milan, plied them with hints as to the course to th followed by the consulta; and, despite the rage of the mon democratic of their number, everything corresponded to thi wishes of the First Consul.
Had they succeeded, the position of the Pied- viti ntese in Romagna would have been imperilled; had they ne~ ed, the road would have been open for Garibaldi to march Rome, In the circumstances, Cavour decided that Piedmont sole, st anticipate Garibaldi, occupy Umbria and the Marches anc 1 place Italy, between the red-shirts and Rome.
Villages were sacked, and burnt, men,, women and anc ldren mutilated, tortured or roasted alive, and women outraged.
Financial considerations, lack of proper transports for an expeditionary corps, fear of displeasing France, dislike of a policy of adventure, misplaced deference towards the ambassadorial conference in Constantinople, and unwillingness to thwart the current of Italian sentiment in favor of the Egyptian nationalists, were the chief motives of the Italian refusal which had the effect of somewhat estranging Great Britain anc Italy.
TOKAT (Armenian Evtoghia, anc. Dazimon) the chief town of a sanjak of the same name in the Sivas vilayet of Asia Minor.
Turning to the non-material external agents, probably no factor, are more responsible for ill-health in plants than temperature anc light.
Frost-cracks, scorching of bark by sun and fire, &c., anc wounds due to plants which entwine, pierce or otherwise materially injure trees, &c., on a large scale.
MONTE VULTURE (anc. Vultur), a mountain of Basilicata, Italy, in the province of Potenza, the summit of which is about 5 m.
ANC HIsTO PoDA.
PONZA (anc. Pontiae), the principal of a small group of islands belonging to Italy.
The group is of volcanic origin, and includes Palmarola (anc. Palmaria), Zannone (Sinonia), Ventotene (Pandateria, pop. in 1901, 1986) and San Stefano.
ADRIA (anc. Atria; the form Adria or Hadria is less correct: Hatria was a town in Picenum, the modern Atri), a town and episcopal see of Venetia, Italy, in the province of Rovigo, 15 m.
ORVIETO (anc. Volsinii, later Urbs Vetus, whence the modern name), a town and episcopal see of the province of Perugia, Italy, on the Paglia, 78 m.
Breasted, Anc. Rec. of Egypt, iii.
CAPRI (anc. Capreae), an island on the S.
CAGLIARI (anc. Carales), the capital of the island of Sardinia, an archiepiscopal see, and the chief town of the province of Cagliari, which embraces the southern half of the island.
See Cheyne, Traditions and Beliefs of Anc. Israel, on Gen.
GUADIANA (anc. Anas, Moorish Wadi Ana), a river of Spain and Portugal.
FOSSOMBRONE (anc. Forum Sempronii), a town and episcopal see of the Marches, Italy, in the province of Pesaro and Urbino, 11 m.
FORLI (anc. Forum Livii), a town and episcopal see of Emilia, Italy, the capital of the province of Forli, 40 m.
JUSTIN MARTYR, one of the earliest and ablest Christian apologists, was born about loo at Flavia Neapolis (anc. Sichem), now Nablus, in Palestinian Syria (Samaria).
KERASUND (anc. Choerades, Pharnacia, Cerasus), a town on the N.
West of Limasol, about a mile inland on the left bank of the Diorizo River (anc. Bocarus), the mouth of which formed its harbour.
Akra (the Bald Mountain, anc. Casius) begins a further section, rounded and grassy, called J.
Commagene, where not rocky, and the district lying along the southward drains from its divide (anc. Cyrrhestica), is in better case, enjoying perennial streams which can be utilized, and the fringe of the Tauric rainfall.
Anc. des peuples de l'orient classique (1897-1898); W.
DURANCE (anc. Druentia), one of the principal rivers descending from the French slope of the Alps towards the Mediterranean.
CARDONA (perhaps the anc. Udura), a town of north-eastern Spain, in the province of Barcelona; about 55 m.