In the optical examination we may, if we prefer it, polarize the primary light; but it is usually more convenient to analyse the scattered light.
McCormack, 1902); Beitrage zur Analyse d.
Empfindungen (Jena, 1886), 5th ed., 1906, entitled Die Analyse d.
It thus became the work of economic science ruthlessly to analyse the existing situation, explain the issues involved in the commercial policy of different countries, and point out the alternative methods of dealing with present difficulties, with their probable results.
The simplest mental act into which we can analyse the operations of the human mind - the act of sense-perception - is never merely a change, physical or psychical, but is the consciousness of a change.
In 1816 Vieillot published at Paris an Analyse d'une nouvelle ornithologie elementaire, containing a method of classification which he had tried in vain to get printed before, both in Turin and in London.
Of his Manuel d'ornithologie, which appeared in 1820, an Analyse du systeme general d'ornithologie.
Some reparation has been made to his memory by the reprinting of his Analyse by the Willughby Society.
Biot was an extremely prolific writer, and besides a great number of scientific memoirs, biographies, &c., his published works include: Analyse de la mecanique celeste de M.
Com pounds .-A chemical compound contains two or more elements; consequently it should be possible to analyse it, i.e.
This subdivision, which is of paramount importance in the analysis of minerals, was subsequently developed by Wilhelm August Lampadius in his Handbuck zur chemischen Analyse der Mineralien (1801) and by John Friedrich A.
Organic Analysis: Hans Meyer, Analyse and Konstitutionsermittlung organischer Verbindungen (1909); Wilhelm Vaubel, Die physikalischen and chemischen Methoden der quantitativen Bestimmung organischer Verbindungen.
From the 11th Paris was placarded with posters headed Analyse de la doctrine do Babceuf (sic), tribun du peuple, of which the opening sentence ran: "Nature has given to every man the right to the enjoyment of an equal share in all property," and which ended with a call to restore the constitution of 1793.
After long years of research, he published in 1775 the first volume of his vast undertaking under the title of Le Monde primitif, analyse et compare avec le monde moderne.
After his death Navier completed and published Fourier's unfinished work, Analyse des equations indeterminees (1831), which contains much original matter.
He followed this professor to learn how to analyse certain minerals, but in the end he found that the teacher himself was ignorant of the process.
Kopp. The following are his most important separate publications, many of which were translated into English and French almost as soon as they appeared: Anleitung zur Analyse der organischen Korper (1837); Die Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Agrikultur and Physiologic (1840); Die Thier-Chemie oder die organische Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Physiologie and Pathologie (1842); Handbuch der organischen Chemie mit Rficksicht auf Pharmazie (1843); Chemische Briefe (1844); Chemische Untersuchungen fiber das Fleisch and seine Zubereitung zum Nahrungsmittel (1847); Die Grundsdtze der Agrikultur-Chemie (1855); Ober Theorie and Praxis in der Landwirthschaft (1856); Naturwissenschaftliche Briefe fiber die moderne Landwirthschaft (1859).
Hasselmann (Analyse pragmatique de l'epitre aux Phil., 1862); A.
- The general practice of laboratory distillation is discussed in all treatises on practical organic chemistry; reference may be made to Lassar-Cohn, Manual of Organic Chemistry (1896), and Arbeitsmethoden fiir organisch-chemische Laboratorien (1901); Hans Meyer, Analyse and Konstitutionermittlung organischer Verbindungen (1909).
It is difficult to analyse closely the economic effect of emigration, because so much depends upon the character of the emigrants and the condition of the labour market.
The emotional and the rational elements in the "moral sense" Shaftesbury did not fully analyse (see Hume).
Various attempts have been made to analyse the charm which is so universally felt; but it may be doubted whether any of them are very successful.
It would be impossible to analyse here his extraordinary poem Nieboska komedja (" The Undivine Comedy"), Irydion, and others.
His first publication, in 1819, a translation of the Analyse du fruit of L.
He did not minutely analyse the doctrine of predestination as Luther, Calvin and Zwingli did, contenting himself with the summary "Our Salvation is of God, our perdition of ourselves."
Indeed, from the time of Leibnitz such attempts either to analyse or to construct matter had become a fashion.
1908) as well as in his psychological work on the Analysis of Sensations (Beitrage zur Analyse der Empfindungen, 1886), we find two main causes, both psychological and epistemological; namely, his views on sense and on inference.
The careful investigations of recent years have shown that in several groups of fungi we cannot be content to distinguish as units morphologically different species, but we are compelled to go deeper and analyse further the species.
In treating mathematically the propagation of other kinds of waves, it is necessary to analyse them into their simple-harmonic components, which may be treated as being propagated independently.
How these revelations actually arose in Mahomet's mind is a question which it is almost as idle to discuss as it would be to analyse the workings of the mind of a poet.
It is impossible will' here to analyse the disputes as to whether, in Freeman's words, " from this time to the 14th century " (he means, to Bannockburn) " the vassalage of Scotland was an essential part of the public law of the Isle of Britain."
8vo, 1814); Sur l'ecriture hieratique (1821); Sur l'ecriture demotique; Précis du systeme hieroglyphique, eec. (1824); Pantheon egyptien, ou collection des personnages mythologiques de l'ancienne Egypte (incomplete); Monumens de l'Egypte et de la Nubie consideres par rapport a l'histoire, la religion, &c.; Grammaire egyptienne (1836), and Dictionnaire egyptienne (1841), edited by his brother; Analyse methodique du texte demotique de Rosette; Apercu des resultats historiques de la decouverte de l'alphabet hieroglyphique (1827); Memoires sur les signes employes par les Egyptiens dans leurs trois systemes graphiques a la notation des principales divisions du temps; Lettres ecrites d'Egypte et de Nubie (1833); and also several letters on Egyptian subjects, addressed at different periods to the duc de Blacas and others.
Other works were Biographic sacree (1825-1826); Histoire sainte et analyse de la Bible (1839); Orthodoxie moderne (1842); Christologie (1858), &c.
In this way the Presocratics and Sophists, and still more Socrates and Plato, threw out hints on sense and reason, on inferential processes and scientific methods which may be called anticipations of logic. But Aristotle was the first to conceive of reasoning itself as a definite subject of a special science, which he called analytics or analytic science, specially designed to analyse syllogism and especially demonstrative syllogism, or science, and to be in fact a science of sciences.
Aristotle apparently intended, or at all events has given logicians in general the impression, that he intended to analyse syllogism into propositions as premises, and premise into names as terms. His logic therefore exhibits the curious paradox of being an analysis of mental reasoning into linguistic elements.
But it is often thought without being expressed, and to judge the syllogism by its mere explicit expression is to commit an ignoratio elenchi; for it has been known all along that we express less than we think, and the very purpose of syllogistic logic is to analyse the whole thought necessary to the conclusion.
All propositions not concerned with the existence of individual facts ultimately analyse out into identities - obviously lend themselves to the design of this algebra of thought, though the mathematician in Leibnitz should have been aware that a significant equation is never an identity.
When we analyse the whole group of phenomena which have to be considered, we perceive that some of the most essential have nothing or little to do with the recovery of the classics.
It is no part of the present subject to analyse the political, religious and social interests of that struggle.
When we analyse the specific charges against him, with his answers to them, we find many that are really of little weight.
4 Concealed among the facts presented to sense are the causes or forms, and the problem therefore is so to analyse experience, 5 so to break it up into pieces, that we shall with certainty and mechanical ease arrive at a true conclusion.
" The induction which is to be available for the discovery and demonstration of sciences and arts must analyse nature by proper rejections and exclusions; and then, after a sufficient number of negatives, come to a conclusion on the affirmative instances, which has not yet been done, or even attempted, save only by Plato.
While ethnography was gathering up the facts from every part of the globe, psychology began to analyse the forms of belief, of action and emotion, to discover if possible the key to the multitudinous variety which history revealed.
The nature of this is not very easy to analyse, but as mental depression is closely associated with irritation of the vagus nerve and weakening of the circulation, it seems not at all unlikely that mountain air acts by accelerating the pulse and quickening the circulation, and thus creating a sense of well-being.
Reitor, depict country life and scenery with loving sympathy, and hold the reader by the charm of the characters, but Diniz is a rather subjective monotonous writer who lacks the power to analyse, and he is no psychologist.
He made no pretence to be a searcher of hearts and frequently declines to analyse motives.
Schmidt, Geschichte der Ost-Mongolen); " Analyse du Kandjur," by M.
On Lord Beaconsfields return, however, he claimed for Lord Salisbury and himself that they had brought back peace with honor, and the country accepted with wild delight the phrase, without taking much trouble to analyse its justice.
Hempel's researches are given in his Neue Methode zur Analyse der Gase (1880) and Gasanalytische Methoden (1890, 3rd ed.