After a hasty consecration he was forced to take refuge with a friendly noble by the faction of Pierleoni, who was elected pope under the name of Anacletus II.
A second expedition of Lothair expelled Roger of Sicily (to whom Anacletus had given the title of king in return for his support) from southern Italy, but a quarrel with Innocent prevented the emperor attacking Rome.
At this crisis, in January 1138, Anacletus died, and a successor elected by his faction, as Victor IV., resigned after two months.
Its immediate task was to neutralize the after-effects of the schism, which had only been terminated in the previous year by the death of Anacletus II.
There are ruins of the castle constructed in the 9th or 10th century, in which the antipope Anacletus II.
And Anacletus II., were clamouring for his support.
As St Peter's was held by Anacletus, Lothair's coronation as emperor took place on the 4th of June 1133 in the church of the Lateran.
He had taken part in the double election of 1130, had been one of the most determined opponents of Anacletus II.
The ardour he had displayed in securing the recognition of Innocent and defending him against his enemies, particularly the anti-pope Anacletus and the kingdom of the Two Sicilies, involved him in a course which was not precisely favourable to the imperial rights.
In 1130 Roger was crowned at Palermo, by authority of the antipope Anacletus, taking the strange title of " king of Sicily and Italy."
Fled to France, Roger, with deep design, supported Anacletus II.
The price was a crown, and on the 27th of September 1130 a bull of Anacletus made Roger king of Sicily.
Bernard of Clairvaux, Innocent's champion, built up against Anacletus and his " half heathen king " a coalition joined by Louis VI.
The death of Anacletus (25 Jan.
And Anacletus II., both declared against him; the Romans repudiated him; and after failing to seize the extensive possessions left by Matilda, marchioness of Tuscany, he returned to Germany in 1132.
ANENCLETUS, or Anacletus, second bishop of Rome.
During the schism of Anacletus (1131-1137) the town of Brescia was torn by the struggles between the partisans of Pope Innocent II.