38,342,948 Alpes-Ma 1896.
The departments with the largest population of foreigners were Nord (191,678), in which there is a large proportion of Belgians; Bouches-du-Rhne (123,497), Alpes-Maritimes (93,554), Var (~7,4~5), Italians being numerous in these three departments; Seine (153,647), Meurthe-et-Moselle(44, 595), Pasde-Calais (21,436) and Ardennes (21,401).
239,178 The Basques of Basses-PyrnCes go in considerable 442,777 numbers to the Argentine Republic, the inhabitants of 333,621 Basses Alpes to Mexico and the United States, and 429,812 there are important French colonies in Algeria and 315,199 Tunisia.
BASSE5-ALPES Digne .
Aix - - - Basses-Alpes, AlpesMaritimes, Bouches-du-Rh6ne, Var.
GRENOBLE - Hautes-Alpes, Drme, Isbre.
Aix Bouches-du-Rhbne, Basses-Alpes,Alpes-Mari times, Corse, Var, Vaucluse.
- Isre, Hautes-Alpes, Ardche, DrOme.
The Italian General Staff is said to have undertaken, in the event of war against France, to operate with two armies on the north-western frontier against the French arme des Alpes, of which the war strength is about 250,000 men.
It passes through the departments of Hautes-Alpes, of BassesAlpes, and between those of Vaucluse and Bouches-du-Rhone.
It soon becomes the boundary for a while between the departments of the HautesAlpes and of the Basses-Alpes, and receives successively the considerable Ubaye river, flowing from near the foot of Monte Viso past Barcelonnette (left), and then the small stream of the Luye (right), on which, a few miles above, is Gap. It enters the Basses-Alpes shortly before reaching Sisteron, where it is joined (right) by the wild torrent of the Busch, flowing from the desolate region of the Devoluy, and receives the Bleone (left) (on which Digne, the capital of the department, is situated) and the Asse (left), before quitting the department of the Basses-Alpes just as it is reinforced (left) by the Verdon, flowing from the lower summits of the Maritime Alps past Castellane.
These features are especially marked when the river, after leaving the Basses-Alpes, soon bends N.W.
ALEXANDRE MAURICE BLANC DE LANAUTTE, COMTE D'HAUTERIVE (1754-1830), French statesman and diplomatist, was born at Aspres (Hautes-Alpes) on the 14th of April 1754, and was educated at Grenoble, where he became a professor.
Amongst books dealing with the more modern history of the Vaudois specially are Leger, Histoire des eglises vaudoises; Arnaud, Histoire de la rentree des Vaudois; Perrin, Histoire des Vaudois; Monastier, Histoire de l'eglise vaudoise; Muston, L' Israel des Alpes; Gilly, Excursion to the Valleys of Piedmont, and Researches on the Waldensians; Todd, The Waldensian Manuscripts; Melia, Origin, Persecution and Doctrines of the Waldensians; Jules Chevalier, Memoires sur les heresies en Dauphine avant le X VP siecle, accompannes de documents inedits sur les sorciers et les Vaudois (Valence, 1890); J.
Chabrand, Vaudois et Protestants des Alpes: recherches historiques (Grenoble, 1886); H.
He found time, even during the campaign, to translate part of Horace and to compose two poems, the Poeme des Alpes and the Chant de guerre.
Civiale, Les Alpes au point de vue de la geographie physique (1882); Sir Martin Conway, The Alps (1904); W.
Von Lendenfeld, Aus den Alpen (2 vols., 1896); C. Lentheric, L'Homme devant les Alpes (1896); F.
De Rochas d'Aiglun, Patois des Alpes cottiennes (1877); Z.
Trans., 1775), Description des Alpes Pennines et rhetiennes (2 vols., 1781, 3rd vol., 1785), and Description des cols ou passages des Alpes (2 vols., 1803); W.
Dentan, Relation de differents voyages dans les Alpes du Faucigny (1776); E.
Meyer, Reise auf den Jungfrau-Gletscher and Ersteigung seines Gipfels (181 I); De Montannel, La Topographie militaire de la frontiere des Alpes (written in 1777, but publ.
De Saussure, Voyages dans les Alpes (4 vols., 1779-1796); A.
Daudet, Tartarin sur les Alpes (1885, Eng.
C.), and the Alpina, Echo des Alpes, Jahrbuch, Schweizer Alpen-Zeitung (Swiss A.
Rothpletz, Ein geologischer Querschnitt durch die Ost-Alpen (Stuttgart, 1894); C. Diener, "Bau and Bild der Ostalpen and des Karstgebietes," in Bau and Bild Osterreichs (Vienna and Leipzig, 1903); Livret-guide geologique dans le Jura et les Alpes de la Suisse (Paris and Lausanne, 1894); A.
Bertrand, " Etudes dans les Alpes frangaises," Bull.
With 120 coloured plates (1896); Briquet, " Les Colonies vegetales xerothermiques des alpes lemaniennes," in Bull.
De Candolle, " Sur les causes de l'inegale distribution des plantes rares dans la chaine des Alpes," Extr.
Pampanini, " Sur la distribution des plantes des alpes austro-orientales," Extr.
His chief works were Philosophiae Triumphus (1573); Synopsis Metaphysicae Aristotelis (1596); De Rerum Aeternitate (1604); and a treatise written in criticism of Caesalpinus entitled Caesae Alpes (1597).
In the narrowest portion of this gorge, not far from Bellegarde at its lower end, there formerly existed the famous (described by Saussure in his Voyages dans les Alpes, chapter xvii.), where for a certain distance the river disappeared in a subterranean channel; but this natural phenomenon has been destroyed, partly by blasting, and partly by the diversion of the water for the use of the factories of Bellegarde.
ANTIBES, a seaport town in the French department of the Alpes-Maritimes (formerly in that of the Var, but transferred after the Alpes-Maritimes department was formed in 1860 out of the county of Nice).
On the summit was the Roman village, which belonged to the province of the Alpes Cottiae.
At Paris he published in 1805 his Tableau de la Haute Italie, et des Alpes qui l'entourent.
ALPES MARITIMES, a department in the S.E.
By the departments of the Var and the Basses Alpes, while its northern extremity forms a sharp angle between France and Italy.
JEAN LOUIS PONS (1761-1831), French astronomer, was born at Peyres (Hautes Alpes) on the 24th of December 1761..