Krencker, Vorbericht der deutschen Aksum Expedition (Berlin, 1906).
Kroncker, Vorbericht der deutschen Aksum-Expedition (Berlin, 1906), and Littman's subsequent researches.
'AXUM, or Aksum, an ancient city in the province of Tigre, Abyssinia (14° 7 52" N., 38° 31' 10" E.; altitude, 7226 ft.), 12 M.
The name, written Aksm and Aksum in the Sabaean and Ethiopic inscriptions in the place, is found in classical and early Christian writers in the forms of Auxome, Axumis, Axume, &c., the first mention being in the Periplus Maris Erythraei (c. A.D.
Muller,3 that the Sabaeans had colonized Abyssinia as early as woo B.C. Other inscriptions copied by Bent at Aksum belong to the 4th century A.D.