"1 5 An interesting manifesto of agnosticism, with a religious conclusion, is A.
Leslie Stephen gave this popular agnosticism its finest literary expression.
See also Agnosticism, Rationalism.
Mansel there were sweeping changes in the direction of agnosticism - changes due partly or primarily to the influence of Kant.) Memory is included among First Principles.
Jones, almost as merciless as MacTaggart, calls this procedure by the hard names of agnosticism and dualism.
He quotes pages from Mansel's Bampton Lectures in favour of his own type of agnosticism, which is to make peace between religion and science by permanently silencing the former.
The element of agnosticism tends rather towards pantheism, just as Indian pantheism long ago tended towards agnosticism.
Popular scepticism - perhaps even Charles Darwin's; Huxley himself was a student of Hume - understands by agnosticism that science is certain while philosophy and theology are baseless.
The extremest form of antagonism is pure scepticism or pure agnosticism, the assertion that nothing can be known.
Flint, Theism, Antitheistic Theories, Agnosticism - all with valuable notes and references, and J.
James Ward's masterly criticism of Herbert Spencer (Naturalism and Agnosticism) has been mentioned above.
When the existence of God is denied (atheism), or His nature is declared unknowable (agnosticism), or He is identified with nature itself (pantheism), or He is so distinguished from the world that His free action is excluded from the course of nature (deism), miracle is necessarily denied.
The same general line of thought underlies James Ward's Naturalism and Agnosticism (2nd ed., 1903), and A.
Still, his agnosticism meant that, though he did not assert that there is no God, he did assert that we cannot know whether there is or is not.
Nor can we find any difference, except the minute shade that Pearson takes up a position of agnosticism between Clifford's assertion of " mind-stuff " and Mach's denial of things in themselves.
1888) he applied to Christian theology the metaphysical agnosticism which seemed to result from Kant's criticism, and which had been developed in Hamilton's Philosophy of the Unconditioned.
Then again, as the movement, taking its rise in the philosophical agnosticism which grew out of the early physical systems, was itself persistently sceptical, sophistry may be regarded as an interlude in the history of philosophy.
Ward, Naturalism and Agnosticism (1899).
Hutton himself frequently misrepresented the doctrine by describing it as "belief in an unknown and unknowable God"; but agnosticism as defined by Huxley meant not belief, but absence of belief, as much distinct from belief on the one hand as from disbelief on the other; it was the half-way house between the two, where all questions were "open."
Occasionally he too mis-stated the meaning of the word he had invented, and described agnosticism as meaning "that a man shall not say he knows or believes what he has no scientific ground for professing to know or believe."
Agnosticism, Phenomenalism, Rationalism, Materialism all manifest the positivist spirit, denying what may be succinctly described as the metempirical.
This drastic scepticism is the first and the most thorough exposition of agnosticism in the history of thought.
But at least we may say that agnosticism is much less clear in Browning than in Tennyson.
Alongside of this there are other elements in Spencer's composite system of " Naturalism and Agnosticism " (J.
[The name agnosticism (q.v.) is T.
Once again, empiricism may lead to some qualified and restricted form of agnosticism, religious or antireligious.
Or it may be the result of economic agnosticism, combined with unwillingness to cut adrift from old moorings.
2-4) and Ecclus., are not interested in the question and ignore it; Agur's agnosticism (Prov.
James Ward, in Naturalism and Agnosticism (1899), starts from the same phenomenalistic views of Mach and Kirchhoff about mechanics; he proceeds to the hypothesis of duality within experience, which we have traced in James Ward.
MacCosh published a short pamphlet (1884) containing interesting but perhaps not conclusive arguments on the Agnosticism of Hume and Huxley.
Agur's dictum is one of pious agnosticism directed, apparently, against certain theologians who talked as if they were well acquainted with the ways of God.
Agnosticism really rests on the doctrine of the Unknowable, the assertion that concerning certain objects - among them the Deity - we never can have any "scientific" ground for belief.
Huxley's agnosticism was a natural consequence of the intellectual and philosophical conditions of the 'sixties, when clerical intolerance was trying to excommunicate scientific discovery because it appeared to clash with the book of Genesis.
Ward in his Gifford lectures for 1896-1898 (Naturalism and Agnosticism, 1899), Huxley's challenge ("I know what I mean when I say I believe in the law of the inverse squares, and I will not rest my life and my hopes upon weaker convictions") is one which a spiritualistic philosophy need not shrink from accepting at the hands of naturalistic agnosticism.
Flint, Agnosticism (1903); T.