Derivation is effected by infixes, prefixes, affixes and reduplication.
The grammatical forms are expressed, as in Turkish, by means of affixes modulated according to the high or low vowel power of the root or chief syllables of the word to which they are appended-the former being represented by e, o, S, ii, i l l, the latter by a, d, o, 6, u, it; the sounds e, i, i are regarded as neutral.
They 3' third persons, the pronominal affixes, the aoristic style of tense, the whole and broken plurals and the construction of the phrase.
The affixes -ous and sub- refer to the compounds containing more of the positive element, -ic and per- to those containing less.
" will be," &c.), with the object and its possessive affixes, e.g.
From such names it is only a step to names of one element, a characteristic feature of which is the frequent addition of an ending -turn (feminine), an, a, um, atum, atija, sha, &c., most of these being " hypocoristic affixes," corresponding in a measure to modern pet-names.
The name is moreover applied with various affixes to several other totally different plants.
I passes into a, as genus, generis, generatum; into o, as sari, saxosus; q passes into s, as torqueo, torsi, &c. (3) The resolution of a word into root or stem and inflexional or derivative affixes was an idea wholly unknown, and the rules of formation are often based on unimportant phenomena; e.g.