The prevailing European fashion of literary academies was not long in reaching Portugal, and 1647 saw the foundation of the Academia dos Generosos which included in its ranks the men most illustrious by learning and social position, and in 1663 the Academia dos Singulares came into being; but with all their pedantry, extravagances and bad taste, it must be confessed that these and similar corporations tended to promote the pursuit of good literature.
P. Hasdeu, Etymologicum magnum Romaniae (Bucharest, Academia Romana, 1887, &c.); F.
Dalametra, Dictionar Macedoromdn (Bucharest, Academia Romana, 1906).
Academia di Torino, xxxii., that "Vac. Mantuanus," the author of the Contraria, must have been "Vacella," who, in 1189, was a judge at Mantua.
Germany The earliest trace of the literary journal in Germany is to be found in the Erbauliche Monatsunterredungen (1663) of the poet Johann Rist and in the Miscellanea curiosa medico-physica (1670-1704) of the Academia naturae curiosorum Leopoldina-Carolina, the first scientific annual, uniting the features of the Journal des savants and of the Philosophical Transactions.
See Historia del Reinado de Carlos IV., by General Gomez de Arteche (3 vols.), in the Historia General de Espana de la Real Academia de la Historia (Madrid, 1892, &c.).
De Cueto, "Discurso," in Memorias de la academia espanola (Madrid, 1870); M.
DEMETRIUS [Dimitrie] STURDZA, Rumanian statesman, was born in 1833 at Jassy, and educated there at the Academia Michaileana.
Danvila y Collado (6 vols.), in the Historia General de Espana de la Real Academia de la Historia (Madrid, 1892, &c.); and F.
Pu cariu, " Studii istroromane " in Annalele of the Academia Romand, ser.
In 1583 he was_ appointed by the Edinburgh town council sole regent of the "town's college" ("Academia Jacobi Sexti," afterwards the university of Edinburgh), and three years later he received from the same source the title of "principal, or first master," and was engaged in lecturing on philosophy.
Both ancient and later times are dealt with in the Historia general de Espaa, escrita por individuos de la real academia de la historia (Madrid, 1892 sqq.)a series of studies by different hands; that on the reign of Charles III., by Seor Manuel Danvila, is very valuable for the later 18th century.
In the autumn of 429 he died' and was buried near the Academia, where Pausanias (150 A.D.) saw his tomb.
Historia Natural "); Anales of the Academia de Ciencias (Havana, 1863 -, annual); M.