ABEOKUTA, a town of British West Africa in the Egba division of the Yoruba country, S.
Abeokuta lies in a beautiful and fertile country, the surface of which is broken by masses of grey granite.
Abeokuta, under the reforming zeal of its native rulers, was largely transformed during the early years of the 20th century.
Abeokuta is the headquarters of the Yoruba branch of the Church Missionary Society, and British and American missionaries have met with some success in their civilizing work.
It is officially known as the Abeokuta province of the Southern Nigeria protectorate.
The president of this council, or ruling chief - chosen from among the members of the two recognized reigning families - is called the alake, a word meaning "Lord of Ake," Ake being the name of the principal quarter of Abeokuta, after the ancient capital of the Egbas.
Ellis's The Yoruba-speaking Peoples (London, 1894); and an article on Abeokuta by Sir Wm.
Burton, Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountains (2 vols., London, 1863); E.
Of Benin city, is an important trade centre for the Yoruba country, in which are the large cities of Abeokuta, Ibadan and Illorin, all separately noticed.
Ibadan long had a feud with Abeokuta, but on the establishment of the British protectorate the intertribal wars were stopped.
See also Yorubas, Abeokuta and Lagos.